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瀏覽路徑:首頁 > 油畫圖庫 > 雅克-路易·大衛 > 馬拉之死
馬拉之死 - the death of marat
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作  者:雅克-路易·大衛 - Jacques-Louis David
作品名稱:

馬拉之死

-

the death of marat


作品尺寸:165x128
作品年代:1799
作品材質:布面油畫
現收藏于:
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馬拉是法國大革命時期雅閣賓派的主要領導人之一,“人民之友”報的主編,他以犀利文筆猛烈抨擊法國封建王朝,宣揚共和思想,遭到王黨的嫉恨。 由于為了躲避迫害長時間躲在地窖里工作而染上濕疹,不得不每天泡在浴缸里幾個小時并且處理工作和文件。

一天,保皇黨女刺客,右翼保皇黨分子夏洛帝·柯黛以申請困難救濟為名,謊稱自己是一位共和黨人的遺孀,五個孩子的母親,請求馬拉接見并給予幫助。正當馬拉閱讀她遞上的紙條時,兇狠的女刺客用匕首刺進了馬拉的胸膛,他倒在了血泊之中,馬拉被害的消息一時震動了巴黎城。大衛是馬拉的朋友,當他聞訊后立即趕到現場親眼目睹了馬拉被害的慘相,用三個月的時間完成了這件作品。

這幅豎構圖的畫面非常簡潔,背景那片毫無修飾的墻面,僅有光線的些微變化,馬拉靠在一個浴缸里,他一只手無力地垂落在缸外,另一只手拿著字條,頭后仰,面部帶著平靜的表情,就像工作勞累后閉目小憩一樣,鮮血從他的胸膛流出。馬拉由于患有皮膚病,不得不每天數小時浸泡在藥水中治療,他常一邊治病一邊處理公務。大衛便把馬拉表現為在浴缸里工作而突然遇刺身亡。

整個畫面平靜、莊重,省略了一切無關大局的細節,力求簡單質樸,既無紛繁的色彩,也無復雜的透視和道具。盡管表現的是可怕的暗殺,畫家絲毫沒有渲染血腥和恐怖,而是著意刻畫馬拉之死的崇高和寧靜。由此可見畫家在他的創作中始終遵循古典藝術的原則,力圖保持更多的理性。

《馬拉之死》表現的就是馬拉在浴缸中被刺死后的場景,畫中的馬拉表情充滿憤怒和痛苦構圖中無情的水平線只用無力下垂的右臂做突破,似乎失去任何挽救的希望。畫面上沒有繁多的色彩,也沒有復雜的縮短法,力求單純。

大衛試圖用他的畫筆喚起人們單純質樸的感情和堅貞的正義感。

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